リチュームイオン内包フラーレン

Li+@C60

 『リチウムイオン内包フラーレン』、英語で表現すると“Lithium Endhedral Fullerene”。私たちが世界で初めてその大量合成に成功し、現在私たちにしか作ることのできないこの不思議な分子の事を、私たちは“LiEF(リーフ)”と愛称で呼ぶことにしました。 

LiEFについて

LiEFは、炭素原子60個が互いに手を結び、完全に閉じて作られた、直径1nmのサッカーボールそっくりのフラーレン*1)、その中にLi+イオン1個を打ち込こんで造ります。

*1)フラーレンには、C60だけではなくC70、C74、C76、C78、・・・・など、多くの仲間の存在が見つけられています。それらは全て6員環と5員環から構成されています。その中で最も安定で球に近いC60が、圧倒的にたくさん作ることができるわけです。

【イデア・インターナショナル製Li+@C60に関する論文リスト(2021年8月1日改訂)】

62) N.Sumi, Artem V.Kuklin, H.Ueno, H.Okada, T.Ogawa, K.Kawachi, Y.Kasama, M.Sasaki, Pavel V.Avramov, H.Agren, and Y.Yamada, Direct Visualization of Nearly Free Electron State Formed by Superatom Molecular Orbitals in Li@C60 Monolayer, J.Phys. Chem. Lett, 2021,12 7812-7817

 

61) U.Matsuo, Creation of Highly Efficient and Durable Organic and Perovskite Solar Cells Using Nanocarbon Materials, Bulletin of the Chemical Soc. Of Japan, Jan. 15, 2021

 

60) Eleanor E.B.Campbell, Henrry J.Chandler, and Renald Schaub, Sublimation of Li`C60, Euro. Phys.J.D(2020)74:122,

 

59) Kazuhira Miwa, Shinobu Aoyagi, Takahiro Sasamori, Hiroshi Ueno, Hiroshi Okada, and Kei Ohkubo, Anionic Fluorinted Zn-porphyrin Combined with Cationic Endhedral Li-fullerenefor Long-Lived Photoinduced  Charge Separation with Low Energy Loss, J.Phys Chem. B

 

58) Yue Ma, Hiroshi Ueno, Hiroshi Okada, Sergei Manzhos, Yutaka Matso, Solvation-Free Li+ Lewis Acid Enhancing Reaction:Kinetiuc Study of [5,6]Li+@PCBM to [6,6]-Li+@PCBM, Org. Lett. 2020, 22, 18, 7239–7243. [DOI: 10.1021/acs.orglett.0c02570]

 

57) Hikaru Iwami, Junfei Xing, Ryo Nakanishi, Youji Horii, Keiichi Katoh, Brian K. Breedlove, Kazuhiko Kawachi, Yasuhiko Kasama, Ewnsang Kwon and Masahiro Yamashita, Cocrystals of Li+ encapsulated fullerenes and Tb(lll) double-decker single molecule magnet in a quasi-kagome lattce,

ChemCommn.2020,56,12785-12788

 

56) Il Jeon, Ahmed Shawky, Hao-Shen Lin, Seungju Seo, Hiroshi Okada, Jin-Wook Lee, Amrita Pal, Shaun Tan, Anton Anisimov, Esko I.Kauppinen, Yang YTang, Sergei Manzhos, Shigeo Maruyama, and Yutaka Matsuo, Controlled Redox of Litium-Ion Endohedral Fullerene for Efficient and Stable Metal Electrode-Free Perovskite Solar Cells, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2019, 141, 16553-16558

 

55) Franco Cataldo, D.Anibal Gracia-Hernandes & Arturo Manchado, Far infrared spectroscopy and other spectral and thermal properties of [Li@C60]PF6, Fullerenes Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures,2019

 

54) Hiroshi Ueno, Il Jeon, Hao-sheng Lin, Abhishek Thote, Takafumi Nakagawa, Hiroshi Okada, Seiichrou Izawa, Masahiro Hiramoto, Hirofumi Daiguji, Shigeo Maruyama and Yutaka Matsuo, Li@C60 endohedral fullerene as a supraatomic dopant for C60 electron-transporting layers promoting the efficiency of perovskite solar cells, Chem. Comm.,Sept. 2019, DOI:10.1039/c9cc06120g

 

53) Hiroshi Okada, Hiroshi Ueno, Yasuhiro Takabayashi, Takeshi Nakagawa, Martina Vrankic, John Arvanitidis, Tetsuo Kusamoto, Kosmas Prassides and Yutaka Matsuo, Chemical reduction of Li+@C60 by decamethylferrocene to produce neutral Li+@C60・-,Carbon 153 (2019) 467-471

 

52) Hal Suzuki Misaki Ishida, Chiko Otani, Kazuhiko Kawachi, Yasuhiko Kasama, Eunsang Kwon, Yuji Miyazaki and Motohiro Nakano, Thermodynamics Properties and Molecular Dynamics of [Li+@

C60](PF6-) Associated with Structural Phase Transitions, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (2019) 10.1039

 

51) Henry J.Chandler, Minas Stefanou, Eleanor E.B.Campbell and Renald Schaub, Li@C60 as a multi-state molecular switch, Nature Communications (2019) 10.2283

 

50) Y.Kawazoe, Vladimir R. Belosludov, Ravil K. Zhdanov and Rodion V. Belosludov, Polarons in endohedral Li+@C60- dimmers and in 1D and 2D crystals, Solid State Communications 265(2017)1-5

 

49) M. Stefanou、H. J. Chandler, B. Mignolet, E. Williams, S.A. Nanoh, J. O. Thompson, F. Remacle, R. Schaub asnd E. F. B. Campbell、Angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy and studies of the endohedral fullerene Li@C60, Nanoscale, (2018)

 

48)S. Aoyagi, K. Miwa, H. Ueno, H. Okada, Y. Matsuo and K. Kokubo, Structure of [60fillerene with a mobile lithium cation inside, Royal Society Open Science, (2018) July 18

 

47) N. Hasunuma, M. Kawakami, H. Hiramatsu, and T. Nakabayashi, Preparation and photo-induced acyivities of water-soluble β-C60 complexes, RSC. Adv. (2018) . 17847-18853

 

46) Il . Jeon, H. Ueno, S. Seo, K. Aitola, R. Nishikubo,  A. Saeki, and H. Okada, G. Boschloo, S. Maruyama, and Y.Matsuo, Lithium-Ion Endohedral Fullerene (Li+@C60) Dopants in Stable Perovskite Solar Cells Induce Instant Doping and Anti-Oxidation, Angew .Chem.,Int. Ed. 2018,57,1-6

 

45) Y. Yamad, A. V. Kuklin, S. Sato, F. Esaka,and   N. Sumi, C. Zhang, M. Sasaki, E.Kwon Y. Kasama, P. V.. Avramov, S. Sakai, Electronic structure of Li+@C60:Photoelectron spectroscopy theLi+@C60[PF6-] salt and STM of the single Li+@C60 molecules on Cu(111), Carbon 133(2018) 23-30

 

44) K. Ohno, A. Manjananath, Y. Kawazoe, R. Hatakeyamas, F. Misaizu, E.Kwon, H. Fukumura, H. Ogasawara, Y. Yamada, C. Zhang, N. Sumi, T. Kamigaki, K. Kawachi, K.Yokoo, S. Ono, and Y.Kasama, Extensive First-Principles Molecular Dynamics Study on the Li Encapsulation into C60 and its Experimental Confirmation, Nanoscale, 2018,10,1825-1836,,DOI: 10.1039/C7NR07237F 

 

43) H. Okada, H. Kawakami, S. Aoyagi and Y. Matsuo, Crystallpgraphic Structure Determination of Both [5,6]- and [6,6]-Isomers of Lithium-Ion-Containing Diphenylmethano[60]fullerene, J.Org.Chem., 2017, 82, 5868-5872

 

42) C. M. Tran, H .Sakai Y.  Kawashima, K.Ohkubo, S. Fukuzumi and H. Murata, Multi-level non-volatile organic transistor-based memory using lithium-ion-encapsulated fullerene as charge trapping layer, Organic Electronics 45 (2017) 234-239

 

41) H. Yagi, N. Ogasawara, M Zenki, T. Miyazaki and S. Hino, Photoemission study of Li@C60, Chemical Physics Letters 651(2016) 124-126

 

40) H. Suzuki, M. Ishida, M. Yamashita, C. Otani, K. Kawachi, Y. Kasama and E. Kwon, Rotational Dynamics of Li+ Ions Encapsulated in C60 cages at Low Temperatures, Chem.Phys.Phys.Chem.,2016, 18, 31384-31387

 

39) S. Aoyagi, A. Tokumitsu, H. Okada, N. Hoshino and T. Akutagawa, Tunneling Motion and Ant ferroelectric Ordering of Lithium Cations Trapped inside Carbon Cages, J..Phys. Soc. Japan, 85.094605(2016)

 

38) H. Ueno, T. Nishihara, Y. Segawa and K. Itam, Cycloparaphenylene-Based Ionic Donor-Acceptor Supramolecule: Isolation and Characterization of Li+@C60([10]CPP**, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 37-7-3711

 

37) K. Ohkubo, T. Hasegawa, R. Rein, N. Solitadie and S. Fukuzumi. Multiple photosynthetic reaction centres of porphyrinic polupeptide-Li+@C60 supramoleaculare complexes, Chem. Commun., 2015, 51, 17517

 

36) R. Senga and K. Suenaga, Single-atom electron energy loss spectroscopy of light elements, Nature Communications 6, Article number:8943

 

35) H. Ueno, S. Aoyagi, Y. Yamazaki, K. Okubo, N. Ikuma, H. Okada, T. Kato, Y. Matsuo, S. Fukuzumi and K. Kokubo, Electrochemical reduction of cationic Li+@C60 to neutral Li+@C60*- : isolation and characterisation of endohedral [60]fulleride, Chem.Sci.,2016,7,5770-5774

 

34) H. Isobe, S. Hitosugi, K. Okubo, Y. Kawasahima, T. Matsuno, S. Kamatas, and K. Nakamura, Modulation of , H. Kono, S. Sato and S. Fukuzumi, Modulation of energy conversion processes in carbonaceous molecular bearings. Chem. Asian J. 10.1002/asia., 201500673

 

33) Mustafa Supur , Y. Kawashima, K. Okubo, H. Sakai T. Hasobe and S. Fukuzumi, Graphene oxide

–Li+@C60 donor–acceptor composites for photo energy conversion. Phys.Chem.Chem.Phys., 2015, 17, á

32)C. M. Davis, K. Ohokubo, A. D. Lammer, D. S. Kim, Y. Kawashima, J. L. Sessler and S. Fukuzumi, Photoinduced electron transfer in a supramolecular triad produced by porphyrin anion-induced electron transfer from tetrathiuafulvalence calyx[4]pyrrole to Li+@C60, Chem.Commn.,2015,51.9789-9792

 

31)T. Kamimura, K. Ohkubo, Y. Kawashima, S. Ozako, K  .Sakaguchi,  S.  Fukuzumi and F.  Tani, Long-Lived Photoinduced Charge Separation in inclusion Complexes Composed of a Phenothhizine-Bridged Cyclic Porphyrin Dimer and Fullerenes, J. Phys. Chem. C  2015, 119, 25634-25650

 

30)Y. Kawashima, K. Okubo, V. M. Blass-Ferrando, H. Sakai, E. Font-Sanchis, J. Ortiz, F. Feránndez-Lázaro, T. Hasobe and Á. Sastre-Santos Near-Infrared Photoelectrochemical Conversion via Photoinduced Charge Separation in Supramolecular Complexes of Anionic, Phthalocyanines with Li+@C60. J. Phys. Chem.B 2015, 119, 7690−7697

 

29) K. Ohkubo, N. Kohono, Y. Yamada and S. Fukuzumi, Singlet oxygen generation from Li+@C60 nano-aggregates dispersed by laser irradiation in aqueous solution† ChemComm 2015, 51, 8082-8085

 

28) Kawashima, K. Ohkubo S. Fukuzumi, Efficient Charge Separation in Li+@C60 Spuramolecular Complexes with Electron Donors, Chem. Asian J., 2015,10, 44-54

 

27) M. Supur, Y. Kawashima, Y- X. Ma, K. Ohkubo, C. F. Chen and S. Fukuzumi, Long-lived charge separation in a rigid pentiptycene bisÁ (crown ether)-Li+@C60 host-guest complex, Chem. Commun., 2014, 50, 15796-15798

 

26) K. Ohkubo, Y. Kawashima, M. Mase, H. Sakai, T. Hasobe and S. Fukuzumi, Photoelectrochemical Properties of Supramolecular Composites of Anionic Zinc Chlorin and Li+@C60 on SnO2, J. Porphyrins Phtalocyanines 2014, 18, 982-990

 

25) Mustafa Supur. Y. Kawashima, K. R. Larsen, K. Ohkubo J. O. Jeppesem and S. Fukuzumi, Robust Inclusion Complexes of Crown-ether-fused Tetrathiafulvalenes with Li+@C60 Affording Efficient Photodriven Charge Separation , Chem. Eur. J. 2014, 20, 13976-13983

 

24) Y. Kawashima, K. Ohkubo, H. Okadfa Y. Matsuo and S. Fukuzumi, Supermolecular Formation of Li+@PCBM Fullerene with Sulfonated Porphyrins and Long-Lived Charge-Separation, ChemPhysChem 2014, 15, 3782-3790

 

23) E. Kwon, K. Komatsu, K. Kawachi, Y. Kasama and T. Endo, Dynamic Behavior of Lithium-Cation in a C60 Fullerene Cage Elucidated by Terahertz Spectroscopy, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., Vol.598: pp28-31, 2014 

 

22) Yamada M. K. Ohkubo, M. Shionoya and S. Fukuzumi, PhotoinducedElectron Transfer in Charge-Transfer Complex Formed between Corannulenes and Li+@C60 by Concave-Convex p-p Interactions, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2014, 136, 13240-13248

 

21) H. Ueno, H. Kawakami, K. Nakagawa, H. Okada, N. Ikuma, S. Aoyagi, K. Kokubo, Y. Matsuo and T. Oshima, Kinetic Study of the Diels-Alder Reaction of Li+@C60 with Cyclohexadiene Greatly Increased Reaction Rate by Encapsulated Li+, J. Am. Chem. Soc., DOI:10.1021/ja505952y, (web):09 July 2014 

 

20) H. Okada and Y. Matsuo, Anion Exchange of Li+@C60 Salt for Improved Solubility, Fullerenes, Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures, Jan.2014, 22:1-3, 262-268, (2014)

 

20-1)C. M. Davis, Y. Kawashima, K. Ohkubo, J. M. Lim, D. Kim, S. Fukuzumi 

and .L .Sessler, ,Photoinduced electron transfer from a tetrahiofilvalene-calpv[4]pyrrole to a porhyrin 

carboxilate within a super molecular, J. Phys. Chem., (2014) 118, 13503-13513 

 

19) H. Kawakami H. Okada and Y. Matsuo, Efficient Diels–Alder Addition of Cyclopentadiene to Lithium Ion Encapsulated [60]Fullerene, Org. Lett., 2013, 15 (17), pp 4466–4469 

 

18) Y. Noguchi, O. Sugino, H. Okada and Y. Matsuo, First-Principles Investigation on Structural and Optical Properties of M+@C60 (Where M = H, Li, Na, and K) J. Phys. Chem. C, 2013, 117 (29), pp 15362–15368

 

17) T. Watanabe, M. F. Itoh, T. Komuro, H. H. Okada, T. Sakai, Y. Ono, K. Kawachi, Y. Kasama and H. Tobita, Iridium and Platinum Complexes of Li+@C60, Organomtallics, 2014, 33, 608-611

 

17-a) K. Kokubo and Y. Murata,A single molecule of water Encapsulated in fulleren C60, Science 333, 613(2011)

 

16) S. Fukuzumi and K. Ohkub, Long-lived photoinduced charge separation for solar cell applications in supremolecular complexes of multi-metalloporphyrins and fullerenes, Dalton Trans., 2013, 42, 15846-15858

 

15) Y. Kawashima, O, Sugino, H. Okada and Y. Matsuo, Photoinduced Electron Transfer in Supramolecular Complex of Zinc Chlorin Carboxylate Anion with Li+@C60 Affording the Long-Lived Charge-Separated State, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2013, 117, 6737-6743

 

14) Y. Kawashima, K. Ohkubo and S. Fukuzumi, Small Reorganization Energies of Photoinduced Electron Transfer between Spherical Fullerenes, J. Phys. Chem., A 2013, 117, 6737-6743

 

13) H. Ueno K. Kokubo, Y. Nakamura, K. Ohkubo, N. Ikuma, H. Noriyama S. Fukuzumi ab\nd T. Ohshima, Ionic conductivity of [Li+@C60](PF6–) in organic solvents and its electrochemical reduction to Li+@C60•–, Chem. Commun., 2013, 49, 7376-7378 

 

12) Nathan L. Bill M. Ishida, S. Haring, J. M. Lim, S. Lee, CF. M. Davis, V. M. Lynch, K. A.Nielsen, J. O. Jeppersen, K. Ohkubo, S. Fukuzumi, D. Kim and J. L. Sessler, Porphyrins Fused with Strongly Electron-Donating 1,3-Dithiol-2- ylidene Moieties: Redox Control by Metal Cation Complexation and Anion Binding, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2013.135,10852-10862

 

11) K. Ohkubo, Y. Kawashima, S. Sakai, H. Hasobe and S. Fukuzumi, Enhanced photoelectrochemical performance of composite photovoltaic cells of Li⁺@C₆₀- sulphonated porphyrin supramolecular nanoclusters ,Chem. Commun., 2013, 49, 4474-4476 

 

10) H. Ueno K. Kokubo, E. Kwon, Y. Nakamura, N. Ikuma and T. Ohshima, Synthesis of a new class of fullerene derivative Li⁺@C₆₀O⁻(OH)₇ as a "cation-encapsulated anion nanoparticle, Nanoscale, 2013, 5, pp2317–pp2321

 

9) T. Kamimura、K. Ohkubo, Y. Kawashima, H. Nobukuni, Y. Naruta, F. Tani and S. Fukuzumi, Submillisecond-lived photoinduced charge separation in inclusion complexes composed of Li⁺@C₆₀ and cyclic porphyrin dimers, Chemical Science, 2013, 4, p1451–p1461

 

8-1) P.  W. Dunk, N.  K.  Kaiser, C. L.、J. P. Quinn, C. P. Ewels, Y. Nakanishi, Y. Sakai, S. Shinohara and H. W. Kroto, Closed network growth of fullerenes, Nature Communications, 3855, (2012) 

 

8-1) P. W. Dunk, N. Kaiser, C. L. Hendrickson, J. P. Quinn, C. P. Ewels, Y. Nakanishi, H。Shinohara, A. G. Marshall and H. W. Kroto, Closed network growth of fullerenes, Nature Communications, 22 May (2012)

   

8) H.Okada, T. Komuro, T. Sakai, Y. Matsuo, K. Omote, K. Yokoo, K. Kawachi, Y. Kasama, S. Ono, R. Hatakeyama, T. Kaneko abd H. Tobita, Preparation of endohedral fullerene containing lithium (Li@C₆₀) and isolation as pure hexafluorophosphate salt ([Li⁺@C₆₀][PF₆⁻]), RSC Advances, 2012.(2), pp10624-10631

 

7) Y. Kawashima, K. Ohkubo and S. Fukuzumi, Enhanced Photoinduced Electron-Transfer Reduction of Li⁺@C₆₀ in Comparison with C₆₀ , J  Phys  Chem A, 2012, 116(36),pp8942-8948

 

6) Y. Matsuo, H. Okada, M. Maruyama, H. Sata, H. Tobita, Y. Ono, K. Omote, K. Kawachi and Y. Kasama, Covalently Chemical Modification of Lithium Ion-Encapsulated Fullerene: Synthesis and Characterization of [Li⁺@PCBM]PF₆⁻, Org. Lett., 2012, 14 (14), pp 3784–3787

 

5) H. Ueno, Y. Nakamura, N. Ikuma, Y. Kokubo and T. Oshima, Synthesis of a lithium-encapsulated fullerene and the effect of the internal lithium cation on its aggregation behavior, NANO RESEARCH, 2012, 5(8), pp558-564

 

4) K. Ohkubo, Y. Kawashima and S. Fukuzumi, Strong supramolecular binding of Li⁺@C₆₀ with sulfonated meso-tetraphenylporphyrins and long-lived photoinduced charge separation, Chem. Commun., 2012 May 7;48(36):4314-6,

 

3) S. Aoyagi, Y. Sado, E. Nishibori, H/ Sawa, H. Okada, H. Tobita, Y. Kasama, R. Kitamura and H. Sinohara, Rock-Salt-Type Crystal of Thermally Contracted C₆₀ with Encapsulated Lithium Cation, Angewandte Chemie International Edition.,2012, 51(14), 3377-3381

 

2) S. Fukuzumi, K. Ohkubo, Y. Kawashima, D. S. Kim, J. S. Park, A. Jana, V. M. Lynch, D. Kim, J. S. Park, A. Jana, V. M. Lynch, D. Kim and J. L. Sessler, Ion-Controlled On-Off Switch of Electron Transfer from Tetrathiafulvalene Calix[4]pyrroles to Li⁺@C₆₀, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2011, 133(40),15938-15941

 

  1. S. Aoyagi, E. Nishibori, H. Sawa, K. Sugimoto, M. Takata, Y. Miyata, R. Kitaura, H. Shinohara, H. Okada, T. Sakai, Y. Ono, K. Kawachi, K. Yokoo, S. Ono, K. Omote, Y. Kasama, S. Ishikawa, T. Komuro and H. Tobita, A layered ionic crystal of polar Li⁺@C₆₀ superatoms, nature chemistry, 2010 Aug, 2(8):678-683


 

【日本語解説論文】

J6) 鈴木 v晴 フラーレンC60に内包されたLi+イオンの回転、ナノ学会会報、16(2)

 

J5) 大久保 敬, リチウムイオン内包フラーレンLi+@C60の基礎と応用その3-電子移動化学-, Organic Square, 48(2014), 02, Wako

 

J4) 飛田博実, リチウムイオン内包フラーレンLi+@C60の基礎と応用その2, Organic Square, 48(2014), 02, Wako

 

J3) 青柳 忍, 松尾 豊, リチウムイオン内包フラーレンLi+@C60の基礎と応用その1, Organic Square, 47(2014), 08, Wako

 

J2) 青柳 忍, Li内包C60の岩塩型結晶の構造と相転移, 日本結晶学会誌 第55巻 第3号 (2013) 218-222

 

J1) S.Aoyagi et al, 単結晶電子密度解析により解明されたリチウム内包C60フラーレンの分子構造, 放射光, March 2011, Vol.24, No.2, pp73-80


 

【専 門 書】

B1) Yutaka Matsuo, Hiroshi Okada, Hiroshi Ueno, “Endohedoral Lithium-Containing Fullerrens Preparation, Derivatization, and Application”, Springer, Nature Singapore Pte Ltd, 2017 

 

BJ1) 松尾 豊 監修 『フラーレン誘導体・内包技術の最前線』 CMC出版, 2014年4月30日

 

BJ2) 篠原久典・斉藤弥八 著 『フラーレンとナノチューブの科学』 名古屋大学出版会, 2011年7月15日

 

BJ3) 赤坂 健,山田道夫,前田 優, 永瀬 茂, 『フラーレンの科学』, 共立出版, 2016年11月25日


 

【その他の参考論文】:直接ii社のLi+@C60は使っていないがLi@C60関連参考論文,その他内包FL関連論

FL10) Kei Kurotobi and Y. Murata、A single molecule of water encapsulated in fullerene C60, Science 29 (2011)

 

FL9) K. Kurotobi and Y. Murata、Supporting online material for a single of water encapssulated in fullerene C60, Science AAAS, 333,613(2011) 

 

FL8) E. Bohl, K. P. Sokól, B. Mignolet, J. P. F. Thompson, J. F.. Thompson, J. Olof Johansson, F. Remacle and Eleanor E. B. Campbell, Relative Photoionization cross sections of super-atom molecular orbitals (SWAMOs) in C60, J. Phys. Chem. A. (2015) 119, 11504-11508

  

FL7) Z. Liu, Clustering of molecular hydrogen anion(H3-) on Li+@C60 surface,  International J. of Hydrogen Energy 32 (2007) 3987-3989

 

FL6) R. Zhang et al., Synthesis of a distinct water dimmer inside fullerene C70, Nature Chem., vol.8, May 2016, 435-441

 

FL5) W. Sun, Y.Bu and Y.Wang, Interaction and Protection Mecanism Between Li@C60 and Nucleic Asid Bases (NABs): Performance of PM6-DH2 on Noncovelent Interaction of NABs-Li@C60, J. Computational Chem.,2012, 33, 490-501

 

FL4) .H. Reis, O. Loboda, A. Avramopoulous, M. G. Papadopulos, B. Kirtman, J. M. Luis, R. Zalesny, Electronic and Vibrational Linesr and Nonlinear Polarizabilities og Li@C60 and [Li@C60]+, J. Computational Chemistry, Vol. 32, No.5, 908-914, 2011

 

FL3) Min Feng, Jin Zhao, Hrvoje Petek, Atomlike, Hollow-Core-Bound Molecular Orbitals of C60, SCIENCE Vol.320, 18 APRIL 2008

 

FL2) E. E. B. Campbell R.Tellgmann, N.Krawez and I.V.Hertel, PRODUCTION AND LDMS CARACTERISATION OF HNDOHEDRAL ALKALI-FULLERENE FILMS, J.Phys. Chem. Solids., Vol 58, No.11, 1763-1769, 1997

 

FL1) R. Tellgmann, N. Krawez, S. H. Lin, I. V. Hertel & E. E. B. Campbell, Endohedral fullerene production, NATURE, Vol382,!August 1996


 

【その他の和文参考論文・解説文など】/

 

FLJ2) 前田 優、赤坂 健、 永瀬 茂、 ,金属内包フラーレン研究の進展, 現代化学, 527, February 2015, 48-53

 

FLJ1) 赤阪 健、土屋 敬広, 金属内包フラーレンの分子変換, 分子研レターズ, August 2008, 69-71


 

【その他の英文参考論文・解説文など】

01) V. S. da Silva, L. I. Teixeira E. do Nascimento, Y. M. Ideori and D. Silva, New manganese polpyrin as biomimeric catalyast of cyclohexane oxidation: Effect of water or imidazole as additives, Applied Catalyst A; General, 469(2014) 124-1131


 

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